Some have asked about the origin and relation of the Saxons of the British Isles in respect to the Saxons of Germany.
First of all, the identity of the Saxons of the British Isles was explained by Dr. W. Holt Yates of Yale University to have descended from Isaac, or Isaac’s sons. Drop the “I” from “Isaac” (vowels are not used in Hebrew spelling), and we have the modern name “Saac’s sons,” or as we spell it in shorter manner, “Saxons.” Those same Saxons recorded that the earlier Celtic inhabitants of Britain, whom they displaced, also came from Armenia as did the later waves of Celts. In the opening paragraph of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle we read: “The inhabitants of this land were Britons, they came from Armenia, and first settled in the south of Britain.” The fact that the Saxons, Celts and Scots all traced their origins to Armenia and the area between the Black and Caspian Seas is of the utmost significance. It was in this precise region that the Assyrians had settled their Israelite captives.
The Behistun Rock inscription classifies the Gimiri (GHOMRI) as the same people as the Sacae or Scythians who were the ancient ancestors of the Angles, Saxons, Celts, Cimmerians, Cymri and several other groups. The Welsh, to this day, still retain the ancient name of Cymry.
Concerning the Saxons of Germany, we find that those peoples were altogether different from the Saxons of the British Isles. From the Encyclopedia Britannica 11th edition, Vol. 24. p.265 we read: “It is doubtful how far the Saxons who invaded Britain were really distinct from the Angli [Angles or Anglo-Saxons] for all their affinities both in language are with the latter [the Angles] and not with the Saxons (Old Saxons) of the continent.
Continuing, the Encyclopedia Britannica explains that Saxony was a kingdom in Germany bordering Bohemia to the south, Bavaria to the west, Thuringia to the northwest and Prussia to the northeast. In contrast to the Anglo-Saxons of Britain, the people of Saxony in Germany were of pure Tutonic stock with many of them being Germanized Slavs.
The connection of the Saxons of the British Isles to the people of Saxony in Germany went no further than a coincidental similarity of names as spoken in English. German and other indo-Europeans languages do not reflect such similarities.
The following book linked below will provide you with more information of the Saxons of Britain and their related peoples: The United States and Britain in Prophecy